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Experimental Investigation on the Burning Behavior of Homogenous H2-CO-Air Mixtures in an Obstructed Semi-confined Channel


In the current work the combustion behavior of hydrogen-carbon monoxide-air mixtures in semiconfined geometries is investigated in a large horizontal channel facility (dimensions 9 m x 3 m x 0.6 m (L x W x H)) as a part of a joint German nuclear safety project. In the channel with evenly distributed obstacles (blockage ratio 50%) and an open to air ground face, homogeneous H2-CO-air mixtures are ignited at one end. The combustion behavior of the mixture is analyzed using the signals of pressure sensors, modified thermocouples and ionization probes for flame front detection that are distributed along the channel ceiling. In the experiments various fuel concentrations (cH2 + cCO = 14 to 22 Vol%) with different H2:CO ratios (75:25, 50:50 and 25:75) are used and the transition regions for a significant flame acceleration to sonic speed (FA) as well as to a detonation (DDT) are investigated. The conditions for the onset of these transitions are compared with earlier experiments performed in the same facility with H2-air mixtures. The results of this work will help to allow a more realistic estimation of the pressure loads generated by the combustion of H2-CO-air mixtures in obstructed semi-confined geometries.

Funding source: We are very grateful to the project partners from TUM for fruitful discussions and support as well as the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) for funding (Project No. 1501545B) of this work.
Related subjects: Safety
Countries: Germany

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