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Effect of Mechanical Ventilation on Accidental Hydrogen Releases - Large Scale Experiments


This paper presents a series of experiments on the effectiveness of existing mechanical ventilation systems during accidental hydrogen releases in confined spaces like underground garages. The purpose was to find the mass flow rate limit hence the TPRD diameter limit that will not require a change in the ventilation system. The experiments were performed in a 40 ft ISO container in Norway and hydrogen gas was used in all experiments. The forced ventilation system was installed with a standard outlet 315 mm diameter. The ventilation parameters during the investigation were British Standard with 10 ACH and British Standard with 6 ACH. The hydrogen releases were obtained through 0.5 mm and 1 mm nozzle from different hydrogen reservoir pressures. Both types of mass flow: constant and blowdown were included in the experimental matrix. The analysis of hydrogen concentration of created hydrogen cloud in the container shows the influence of the forced ventilation on hydrogen releases, together with TPRD diameter and reservoir pressure. The generated experimental data will be used to validate a CFD model in the next step.

Funding source: The authors wish to acknowledge funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking (JU) under grant agreement No 826193.
Related subjects: Safety
Countries: Norway

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