Skip to content

Numerical Study on Shockwave Attenuation by Water Mist in Confined Spaces


Hydrogen safety has become the first consideration, especially after fuel cell automobiles were pushed into commercial auto market. Tunnels are important parts of traffic infrastructure featured in confinement or semi-confinement. Hydrogen detonation is a potential accident scenario while hydrogen fuel cell vehicles are operated in a traffic tunnel with a confined space. Pressure shockwaves are mostly produced by hydrogen detonation and propagate along the tunnel. As a designed safety measure, water mist injection is hopefully to mitigate the pressure loads of such shocks. To model the interaction between shockwaves and water droplets, a droplet breakup model has been developed for the COM3D code, which is a highly validated three-dimensional hydrogen explosion simulation code. By using the model, the hydrogen detonation shockwave propagation in confined volumes is simulated in the study. The attenuation effects of water mist on the pressure shocks in the simulations are elaborated and discussed based on the simulation results.

Funding source: The study is financially supported by the EU HyTunnel-CS project, which has received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking (JU) under grant agreement No 826193. The JU receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme and United Kingdom, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Spain, Italy, Netherlands, Belgium, France, Norway, Switzerland.
Related subjects: Safety
Countries: Germany

Article metrics loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error