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Evaluation of Optical and Spectroscopic Experiments of Hydrogen Jet Fires


This paper reports results of evaluating joint experiments under the work programme of Hysafe  occurring at HSL who provided the test facilities and basic measurements to generate jet fires, whereas Fraunhofer ICT applied their equipment to visualise the jet fires by fast video techniques, IR-cameras and fast scanning spectroscopy in the NIR/IR spectral region. Another paper describes the experimental set up and main findings of flame structures and propagation resolved in time. The spatial distribution of species and temperate as well as their time history and fluctuations give a basis of the evaluation of effects caused by such jet fires. Fraunhofer ICT applied their comprehensive evaluation codes to model the radiation emission from 3-atomic species in the flame, especially H2O in the Infrared spectral range. The temperatures of the hydrogen flame were about 2000 K as found by least squares fit of the measured molecular bands by the codes. In comparison with video and thermo camera frames these might enable to estimate on a qualitative level species distribution and air entrainment and temperatures to identify hot and reactive zones. The risk analysis could use this information to estimate heat transfer and the areas of risk to direct inflammation from the jet fires by semi-empirical approaches.

Related subjects: Safety
Countries: Germany

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Evaluation of Optical and Spectroscopic Experiments of Hydrogen Jet Fires

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