Study on the harm effects of releases from liquid hydrogen tank by consequence modeling


The accidental releases of hydrogen from liquid storage and the subsequent consequences are studied from a harm perspective rather than a standpoint of risk. The cold, thermal and overpressure effects from hydrogen cold cloud, fireball, jet fire, flash fire, and vapor cloud explosion are evaluated in terms of two kinds of effect distances based on lethal and harmful criteria. Results show that for instantaneous release, the sequence of effect distances is vapor cloud explosion > flash fire > cold cloud > fireball, and for continuous release, the sequence is vapor cloud explosion > flash fire > jet fire > cold cloud. An overall comparison between instantaneous and continuous release reveals that the catastrophic rupture, rather than leakages, is the dominant event. Besides, the effect distances of liquid hydrogen tank are compared with those of 70 MPa gaseous storage with equivalent mass. Compared with 70 MPa gaseous storage, the liquid hydrogen storage may be safer under leak scenarios but more dangerous under catastrophic rupture scenario.

Related subjects: Safety

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Study on the harm effects of releases from liquid hydrogen tank by consequence modelling

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