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Simulation of the Efficiency of Hydrogen Recombiners as Safety Devices


Passive auto-catalytic recombiners (PARs) are used as safety devices in the containments of nuclear power plants (NPPs) for the removal of hydrogen that may be generated during specific reactor accident scenarios. In the presented study, it was investigated whether a PAR designed for hydrogen removal inside a NPP containment would perform principally inside a typical surrounding of hydrogen or fuel cell applications. For this purpose, a hydrogen release scenario inside a garage – based on experiments performed by CEA in the GARAGE facility (France) – has been simulated with and without PAR installation. For modelling the operational behaviour of the PAR, the in-house code REKO-DIREKT was implemented in the CFD code ANSYS-CFX. The study was performed in three steps: First, a helium release scenario was simulated and validated against experimental data. Second, helium was replaced by hydrogen in the simulation. This step served as a reference case for the unmitigated scenario. Finally, the numerical garage setup was enhanced with a commercial PAR model. The study shows that the PAR works efficiently by removing hydrogen and promoting mixing inside the garage. The hot exhaust plume promotes the formation of a thermal stratification that pushes the initial hydrogen rich gas downwards and in direction of the PAR inlet. The paper describes the code implementation and simulation results.

Related subjects: Safety
Countries: Germany

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Simulation of the efficiency of hydrogen recombiners as safety devices

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