Experimental Determination of Critical Conditions for Hydrogen-air Detonation Propagation in Partially Confined Geometry


An experimental investigation was performed to determine critical semi-open channel height (h*) and two-sided open channel width (w*) in which hydrogen-air detonation may propagate. Three types of gaseous mixture composition were used: 25%, 29.6% and 40% of hydrogen in air. Experimental setup was based on rectangular (0.11 × 0.11 × 2 m) test channel equipped with acceleration section (0.11 × 0.11 × 1 m). Different channel heights h in range of 15–40 mm and widths w in range of 30–50 mm were used in the test channel. The critical height h* and width w* were defined for each investigated configuration. To determine representative detonation cell sizes λ and to calculate their relationship to h* and w*, the sooted plate technique was used. The results showed that detonation in stoichiometric H2-air mixture may propagate in semi-open channel only when the channel height is very close to or higher than approximately 3λ. For less reactive mixtures critical relation h*/λ reaches 3.1 or 3.6 for mixtures with 25% and 40% of hydrogen in air, respectively. For two-sided open channel similar relations w*/λ were close to 4.9 and 5.5 for 29.6%H2 and 40%H2 in air, respectively.

Related subjects: Safety
Countries: Poland

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Experimental determination of critical conditions for hydrogen-air detonation propagation in partially confined geometry

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