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Fundamental Combustion Properties of Oxygen Enriched Hydrogen-air Mixtures Relevant to Safety Analysis Experimental and Simulation Study


In order to face the coming shortage of fossil energies, a number of alternative methods of energy production are being considered. One promising approach consists in using hydrogen in replacement of the conventional fossil fuels or as an additive to these fuels. In addition to conventional hydro-electric and fission-based nuclear plants, electric energy could be obtained in the future using nuclear fusion as investigated within the framework of the ITER project, International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor. However, the operation of ITER may rise safety problems including the formation of a flammable dust/hydrogen/air atmosphere. A first step towards the accurate assessment of accidental explosion in ITER consists in better characterizing the risk of explosion in gaseous hydrogen-containing mixtures. In the present study, laminar burning speeds, ignition delay-times behind reflected shock wave, and detonation cell sizes were measured over wide ranges of composition and equivalence ratios. The performances of five detailed reaction models were evaluated with respect to the present data.

Related subjects: Safety
Countries: United States

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