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Delayed Explosion of Hydrogen High Pressure Jets in a Highly Obstructed Geometry


Delayed explosions of accidental high pressure hydrogen releases are an important risk scenario in safety studies of production plants, transportation pipelines and fuel cell vehicles charging stations. Such explosions were widely explored in multiple experimental and numerical investigations. Explosion of high pressure releases in highly obstructed geometries with high blockage ratio is a much more complicated phenomenon. This paper is dedicated to the experimental investigation of the influence of obstacles on a delayed deflagration of hydrogen jets. The computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code FLACS is used to reproduce experimental data. In the current study the computed overpressure signals are compared to the experimentally measured ones at different monitoring points. Simulations are in close agreement with experimental results and can be used to predict overpressure where experimental pressure detectors were saturated. For homogenous stationary clouds a new approach of equivalent mixture of H2/air (~16.5%) to stoichiometric mixture of CH4/air is suggested. This approach is validated versus experimental data from the literature in terms of overpressure maxima. A parametric study is performed using FLACS for various concentrations in the same geometry in order to identify a possible transition from deflagration to detonation.

Related subjects: Safety
Countries: France

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