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Hydrogen Combustion Experiments in a Vertical Semi-confined Channel


Experiments in an obstructed semi-confined vertical combustion channel with a height of 6 m (cross-section 0.4 × 0.4 m) inside a safety vessel of the hydrogen test center HYKA at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) are reported. In the work, homogeneous hydrogen-air-mixtures as well as mixtures with different well-defined H2-concentration gradients were ignited either at the top or at the bottom end of the channel. The combustion characteristics were recorded using pressure sensors and sensors for the detection of the flame front that were distributed along the complete channel length. In the tests slow subsonic and fast sonic deflagrations as well as detonations were observed and the conditions for the flame acceleration (FA) to speed of sound and deflagration-to-detonation transition (DDT) are compared with the results of similar experiments performed earlier in a larger semi-confined horizontal channel.

Related subjects: Safety
Countries: Germany

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Ignition of hydrogen-air mixtures under volumetric expansion conditions

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