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Numerical study of the release and dispersion of a light gas using 3D CFD code GASFLOW-MPI

Abstract

With the development of the hydrogen economy, it requires a better understanding of the potential for fires and explosions associated with the unintended release of hydrogen within a partially confined space. In order to mitigate the hydrogen fire and explosion risks effectively, accurate predictions of the hydrogen transport and mixing processes are crucial. It is well known that turbulence modelling is one of the key elements for a successful simulation of gas mixing and transport. GASFLOW-MPI is a scalable CFD software solution used to predict fluid dynamics, conjugate heat and mass transfer, chemical kinetics, aerosol transportation and other related phenomena. In order to capture more turbulence information, the Large Eddy Simulation (LES) model and LES/RANS hybrid model Detached Eddy Simulation (DES) have been implemented and validated in 3-D CFD code GASFLOW-MPI. The standard Smagorisky SGS model is utilized in LES turbulence model. And the k-epsilon based DES model is employed. This paper assesses the capability of algebraic, k-epsilon, DES and LES turbulence model to simulate the mixing and transport behavior of highly buoyant gases in a partially confined geometry. Simulation results agree well with the overall trend measured in experiments conducted in a reduced scale enclosure with idealized leaks, which shows that all these four turbulent models are validated and suitable for the simulation of light gas behavior. Furthermore, the numerical results also indicate that the LES and DES model could be used to analysis the turbulence behavior in the hydrogen safety problems.

Related subjects: Safety
Countries: Germany
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/content/conference839
2017-09-12
2021-10-18
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/conference839
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