Skip to content

Mixing and Warming of Cryogenic Hydrogen Releases


Laboratory measurements were made on the concentration and temperature fields of cryogenic hydrogen jets. Images of spontaneous Raman scattering from a pulsed planar laser sheet were used to measure the concentration and temperature fields from varied releases. Jets with up to 5 bar pressure, with near-liquid temperatures at the release point, were characterized in this work. This data is relevant for characterizing unintended leaks from piping connected to cryogenic hydrogen storage tanks, such as might be encountered at a hydrogen fuel cell vehicle fuelling station. The average centerline mass fraction was observed to decay at a rate similar to room temperature hydrogen jets, while the half-width of the Gaussian profiles of mass fraction were observed to spread more slowly than for room temperature hydrogen. This suggests that the mixing and models for cryogenic hydrogen may be different than for room temperature hydrogen. Results from this work were also compared to a one-dimensional (streamwise) model. Good agreement was seen in terms of temperature and mass fraction. In subsequent work, a validated version of this model will be exercised to quantitatively assess the risk at hydrogen fuelling stations with cryogenic hydrogen on-site.

Related subjects: Safety
Countries: United States

Article metrics loading...



Mixing and warming of cryogenic hydrogen release

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error