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Effect of Defects and Hydrogen on the Fatigue Limit of Ni-based Superalloy 718


Tension-compression fatigue tests were performed on two types of Ni-based superalloy 718 with different microstructures, to which small artificial defects of various shapes and sizes were introduced. Similar tests were also conducted on hydrogen-charged specimens with defects, with a solute hydrogen content ranging from 26.3 to 91.0 mass ppm. In the non-charged specimens in particular, the fatigue strength susceptibility to defects varied significantly according to the type of microstructural morphology, i.e., a smaller grain size made the alloy more vulnerable to defects. The fatigue limit as a small-crack threshold was successfully predicted using the √area parameter model. Depending on the size of defects, the fatigue limit was calculated in relation to three phases: (i) harmless-defect regime, (ii) small-crack regime and (iii) large-crack regime. Such a classification enabled comprehensive fatigue limit evaluation in a wide array of defects, taking into consideration (a) the defect size over a range of small crack and large crack and (b) the characteristics of the matrix represented by grain size and hardness. In addition, the effect of defects and hydrogen on fatigue strength will be comprehensively discussed, based on a series of experimental results.

Funding source: Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and Kyushu University, Japan
Countries: Japan

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