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Environmental and Energy Life Cycle Analyses of Passenger Vehicle Systems Using Fossil Fuel-derived Hydrogen


Hydrogen energy utilization is expected due to its environmental and energy efficiencies. However, many issues remain to be solved in the social implementation of hydrogen energy through water electrolysis. This analyzes and compares the energy consumption and GHG emissions of fossil fuel-derived hydrogen and gasoline energy systems over their entire life cycle. The results demonstrate that for similar vehicle weights, the hydrogen energy system consumes 1.8 MJ/km less energy and emits 0.15 kg-CO 2 eq./km fewer GHG emissions than those of the gasoline energy system. Hydrogen derived from fossil fuels may contribute to future energy systems due to its stable energy supply and economic efficiency. Lowering the power source carbon content also improved the environmental and energy efficiencies of hydrogen energy derived from fossil fuels.

Funding source: This work was partially funded by a research grant of the Toyota Mobility Foundation (2018-10) and JSPS KAKENHI Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists (18K18230).
Related subjects: Applications & Pathways
Countries: Japan

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