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Experimental Investigation of the Effects of Simultaneous Hydrogen and Nitrogen Addition on the Emissions and Combustion of a Diesel Engine


Overcoming diesel engine emissions trade-off effects, especially NOx and Bosch smoke number (BSN), requires investigation of novel systems which can potentially serve the automobile industry towards further emissions reduction. Enrichment of the intake charge with H2 þ N2 containing gas mixture, obtained from diesel fuel reforming system, can lead to new generation low polluting diesel engines. This paper investigates the effect of simultaneous H2 þ N2 intake charge enrichment on the emissions and combustion of a compression ignition engine. Bottled H2 þ N2 was simultaneously admitted into the intake pipe of the engine in 4% steps starting from 4% (2% H2 þ 2% N2) up to 16% (v/v). The results showed that under specific operating conditions H2 þ N2 enrichment can offer simultaneous NOx, BSN and CO emissions reduction. Apart from regulated emissions, nitrogen exhaust components were measured. Marginal N2O and zero NH3 emissions were obtained. NO/NO2 ratio increases when speed or load increases. Under low speed low load operation the oxidation of NO is enhanced by the addition of H2 þ N2 mixture. Finally, admission of H2 þ N2 has a detrimental effect on fuel consumption

Funding source: The authors would like to thank the UK Engineering and Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC) for supporting this work (grant EP/H050248/1
Related subjects: Applications & Pathways
Countries: United Kingdom

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