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Feasibility of Hydrogen Production from Steam Reforming of Biodiesel (FAME) Feedstock on Ni-supported Catalysts


The catalytic steam reforming of biodiesel was examined over Ni-alumina and Ni–ceria–zirconia catalysts at atmospheric pressure. Effects of temperatures of biodiesel preheating/vaporising (190–365 ◦C) and reforming (600–800 ◦C), molar steam to carbon ratio (S/C = 2–3), and residence time in the reformer, represented by the weight hourly space velocity ‘WHSV’ of around 3 were examined for 2 h. Ni supported on calcium aluminate and on ceria–zirconia supports achieved steady state hydrogen product stream within 90% of the equilibrium yields, although 4% and 1% of the carbon feed had deposited on the catalysts, respectively, during the combined conditions of start-up and steady state. Addition of dopants to ceria–zirconia supported catalyst decreased the performance of the catalyst. Increase in S/C ratio had the expected positive effects of higher H2 yield and lower carbon deposition.

Related subjects: Production & Supply Chain
Countries: United Kingdom

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