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Numerical Analysis for Hydrogen Flame Acceleration during a Severe Accident Initiated by SBLOCA in the APR1400 Containment


We performed a hydrogen combustion analysis in the Advanced Power Reactor 1400 MWe (APR1400) containment during a severe accident initiated by a small break loss of coolant accident (SBLOCA) which occurred at a lower part of the cold leg using a multi-dimensional hydrogen analysis system (MHAS) to confirm the integrity of the APR1400 containment. The MHAS was developed by combining MAAP, GASFLOW, and COM3D to simulate hydrogen release, distribution and combustion in the containment of a nuclear power plant during the severe accidents in the containment of a nuclear power reactor. The calculated peak pressure due to the flame acceleration by the COM3D, using the GASFLOW results as an initial condition of the hydrogen distribution, was approximately 555 kPa, which is lower than the fracture pressure 1223 kPa of the APR1400 containment. To induce a higher peak pressure resulted from a strong flame acceleration in the containment, we intentionally assumed several things in developing an accident scenario of the SBLOCA. Therefore, we may judge that the integrity of the APR1400 containment can be maintained even though the hydrogen combustion occurs during the severe accident initiated by the SBLOCA.

Funding source: This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant (No. 2017M2A8A4015277) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT, and Future Planning and Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy and the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) grant (No. 20215810100020) funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Energy of the Republic of Korea.
Related subjects: Safety
Countries: Korea, Republic of

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