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Hydrogen Inhibition as Explosion Prevention in Wet Metal Dust Removal Systems


Hydrogen energy attracts an amount of attention as an environmentally friendly and sustainable energy source. However, hydrogen is also flammable. Hydrogen fires and explosions might occur in wet-dust-removal systems if accumulated aluminum dust reacts with water. Hydrogen inhibition is a safe method to address these issues. For this purpose, we used sodium citrate, a renewable and nontoxic raw material to inhibit H2 formation. Specifically, hydrogen inhibition experiments with sodium citrate were carried out using custom-built equipment developed by our research group. When the concentration of sodium citrate solution was in the range of 0.4–4.0 g/L, a protective coating was formed on the surface of the Al particles, which prevented them from contacting with water. The inhibitory effect was achieved when the concentration of sodium citrate was in a certain range, and too much or too little addition may reduce the inhibitory effect. In this paper, we also discuss the economic aspects of H2 inhibition with this method because it offers excellent safety advantages and could be incorporated on a large scale. Such an intrinsic safety design of H2 inhibition to control explosions in wet-dust-removal systems could be applied to ensure the safety of other systems, such as nuclear reactors.

Funding source: The work was supported by the National Key R & D Project (Grant No. 2021YFC3001303) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. N180104018).
Related subjects: Safety

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