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Power to Hydrogen and Power to Water Using Wind Energy


The need for energy and water security on islands has led to an increase in the use of wind power. However, the intermittent nature of wind generation means it needs to be coupled with a storage system. Motivated by this, two different models of surplus energy storage systems are investigated in this paper. In both models, renewable wind energy is provided by a wind farm. In the first model, a pumped hydro storage system (PHS) is used for surplus energy storage, while in the second scenario, a hybrid pumped hydrogen storage system (HPHS) is applied, consisting of a PHS and a hydrogen storage system. The goal of this study is to compare the single and the hybrid storage system to fulfill the energy requirements of the island’s electricity load and desalination demands for domestic and irrigation water. The cost of energy (COE) is 0.287 EUR/kWh for PHS and 0.360 EUR/kWh for HPHS, while the loss of load probability (LOLP) is 22.65% for PHS and 19.47% for HPHS. Sensitivity analysis shows that wind speed is the key parameter that most affects COE, cost of water (COW) and LOLP indices, while temperature affects the results the least.

Funding source: The research work was supported by the Hellenic Foundation for Research and Innovation (HFRI) under the HFRI PhD Fellowship grant (Fellowship Number: 266).
Countries: Greece

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