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Assessing the Prospective Environmental Performance of Hydrogen from High Temperature Electrolysis Coupled with Concentrated Solar Power


Hydrogen is currently being promoted because of its advantages as an energy vector, its potential 12 to decarbonise the economy, and strategical implications in terms of energy security. Hydrogen 13 from high-temperature electrolysis coupled with concentrated solar power (CSP) is especially 14 interesting since it enhances the last two aspects and could benefit from significant technological 15 progress in the coming years. However, there is a lack of studies assessing its future 16 environmental performance. This work fills this gap by carrying out a prospective life cycle 17 assessment based on the expected values of key performance parameters in 2030. The results 18 show that parabolic trough CSP coupled with a solid oxide electrolyser is a promising solution 19 under environmental aspects. It leads to a prospective hydrogen carbon footprint (1.85 kg CO2 20 eq/kg H2) which could be classified as low-carbon according to current standards. The 21 benchmarking study for the year 2030 shows that the assessed system significantly decreases the 22 hydrogen carbon footprint compared to future hydrogen from steam methane reforming (81% 23 reduction) and grid electrolysis (51%), even under a considerable penetration of renewable energy 24 sources.

Funding source: This article is part of a project that has received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint 474 Undertaking (now Clean Hydrogen Partnership) under Grant Agreement No 101007163. This 475 Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and 476 Innovation program, Hydrogen Europe and Hydrogen Europe Research.
Related subjects: Production & Supply Chain
Countries: Spain

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