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Effects of Compression Ratios on Combustion and Emission Characteristics of SI Engine Fueled with Hydrogen-Enriched Biogas Mixture


The effects of hydrogen-enriched biogas on combustion and emissions of a dual-fuel sparkignition engine with different hydrogen concentration ratios were studied numerically. A 1-cylinder spark ignition was used to perform a numerical simulation. To reveal the influence of the compression ratios on combustion and emissions of a gaseous engine, the crankshaft of the engine was modified to generate different compression ratios of 8.5, 9.0, 9.4, 10.0, and 10.4. The biogas contained 60 and 40% methane (CH4 ) and carbon dioxide (CO2 ), respectively, while the hydrogen fractions used to enrich biogas were 10, 20, and 30% of the mixture by volume. The ignition timing is fixed at 350 CA◦ . The results indicate that the in-cylinder pressure, combustion temperature, and combustion burning speed increase gradually with increasing hydrogen concentration due to the combustion characteristics of hydrogen in blends. As increasing the compression ratio, NOx emissions increase proportionally, while CO2 emissions decrease gradually. Almost no combustion process occurs as operating the compression ratio below 8.5 when using pure biogas. However, adding 20% of hydrogen fraction could improve the combustion process significantly even at a low compression ratio.

Funding source: This work was supported by The University of Danang-University of Science and Technology under project number T2020-02-31.
Related subjects: Applications & Pathways
Countries: Viet Nam

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