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Combined Effects of Stress and Temperature on Hydrogen Diffusion in Non-hydride Forming Alloys Applied in Gas Turbines


Hydrogen plays a vital role in the utilisation of renewable energy, but ingress and diffusion of hydrogen in a gas turbine can induce hydrogen embrittlement on its metallic components. This paper aims to investigate the hydrogen transport in a non-hydride forming alloy such as Alloy 690 used in gas turbines inspired by service conditions of turbine blades, i.e. under the combined effects of stress and temperature. An appropriate hydrogen transport equation is formulated, accounting for both stress and temperature distributions of the domain in the non-hydride forming alloy. Finite element (FE) analyses are performed to predict steady-state hydrogen distribution in lattice sites and dislocation traps of a double notched specimen under constant tensile load and various temperature fields. Results demonstrate that the lattice hydrogen concentration is very sensitive to the temperature gradients, whilst the stress concentration only slightly increases local lattice hydrogen concentration. The combined effects of stress and temperature result in the highest concentration of the dislocation trapped hydrogen in low-temperature regions, although the plastic strain is only at a moderate level. Our results suggest that temperature gradients and stress concentrations in turbine blades due to cooling channels and holes make the relatively low-temperature regions susceptible to hydrogen embrittlement.

Funding source: The authors greatly acknowledge the financial support provided within the Cohesion grant by the 3mE faculty of Delft University of Technology

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