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Green Hydrogen Potential in Tropical Countries: The Colombian Case


Tropical countries can approach their natural resources to produce low-carbon H2 from solar, wind, hydro, and biomass resources to satisfy their domestic demand and to export it. To do so, Colombia published the National Hydrogen Roadmap, in which green H2 was prioritized. This study estimates Colombia's potential to produce green H2 and a timeline of scenarios displaying the required installed capacity, capital investment, and environmental analysis related to water utilization and CO2 capture. Accordingly, Colombia can produce H2 at a rate of 9 Mt/a by 2050 by installing 121 GW renewables while processing 303 Mt/a of residual biomass. In this scenario, Colombia's share of the H2 international market can reach 1.2%, with a cumulative investment of over 244 billion USD by 2050. This study provides insights into potential global resources for low-carbon H2 generation.

Funding source: The authors are grateful to Minciencias, the Mining and Energy Planning Unit (UPME), and Universidad de La Sabana for the financial support of this work through projects ING-272 2021 (Minciencias contract 036e2021) and ING-284-2021.
Related subjects: Policy & Socio-Economics
Countries: Colombia

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