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Optimisation of Size and Control Strategy in Utility-scale of Green Hydrogen Production Systems


The optimisation of green hydrogen production systems is challenging. Moreover, an accurate simulation of the system is required for effective optimisation. This study presents a novel method for optimising utility-scale hybrid photovoltaice-wind systems for hydrogen production using accurate simulation models. The optimisation objective is to minimise the levelised cost of hydrogen (LCOH) using genetic algorithms. Different types of systems (such as islanded systems, grid-connected systems with or without the possibility of purchasing electricity from the grid, and grid-connected systems considering power curtailment), are evaluated and optimised. Each combination of components and control strategy is simulated during the system lifetime (20 yrs) in time steps of 5 min, considering the degradation of renewable generators during the system lifetime and different real-time pricing curves and renewable resource curves for each year of the system lifetime. Accurate models are used in the simulations, including electrolyser efficiency dependent on the input power and cold-start extra ageing. An application example located in Zaragoza (Spain) is shown, obtaining LCOH from 4.74 to 16.06 V/kg, depending on the type of project and electrolyser.

Funding source: This work was supported by the Spanish Government (Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion, Agencia Estatal de Investigacion) and by the European Regional Development Fund [Grant PID2021-123172OB-I00 funded by MCIN/AEI/10.13039/ 501100011033 and by “ERDF A way of making Europe”].
Related subjects: Production & Supply Chain
Countries: Spain

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