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Optimal Multi-layer Economical Schedule for Coordinated Multiple Mode Operation of Wind-solar Microgrids with Hybrid Energy Storage Systems


The aim of this paper is the design and implementation of an advanced model predictive control (MPC) strategy for the management of a wind–solar microgrid (MG) both in the islanded and grid-connected modes. The MG includes energy storage systems (ESSs) and interacts with external hydrogen and electricity consumers as an extra feature. The system participates in two different electricity markets, i.e., the daily and real-time markets, characterized by different time-scales. Thus, a high-layer control (HLC) and a low-layer control (LLC) are developed for the daily market and the real-time market, respectively. The sporadic characteristics of renewable energy sources and the variations in load demand are also briefly discussed by proposing a controller based on the stochastic MPC approach. Numerical simulations with real wind and solar generation profiles and spot prices show that the proposed controller optimally manages the ESSs, even when there is a deviation between the predicted scenario determined at the HLC and the real-time one managed by the LLC. Finally, the strategy is tested on a lab-scale MG set up at Khalifa University, Abu Dhabi, UAE.

Funding source: The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support by Khalifa University of Science and Technology (KUST), Abu Dhabi, UAE, under grant agreement No. CIRA-2021-063.
Related subjects: Applications & Pathways

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