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Decarbonizing Combustion with Hydrogen Blended Fuels: An Exploratory Study of Impact of Hydrogen on Hydrocarbon Autoignition


Blending hydrogen to existing fuel mix represents a major opportunity for decarbonisation. One important consideration for this application is the chemical interaction between hydrogen and hydrocarbon fuels, arising from their different combustion chemistries and varying considerably with combustion processes. This paper conducted an exploratory study of hydrogen’s impact on autoignition in several combustion processes where hydrogen is used as a blending component or the main fuel. Case studies are presented for spark ignition engines (H2/natural gas), compression ignition engines (H2/diesel), moderate or intense low-oxygen dilution (MILD) combustors (H2/natural gas), and rotational detonation engines (H2/natural gas). Autoignition reactivity as a function of the hydrogen blending level is investigated numerically using the ignition delay iso-contours and state-of-the-art kinetic models at time scales representative of each application. The results revealed drastically different impact of hydrogen blending on autoignition, due to different reaction temperature, pressure and time scale involved in these applications, leaving hydrocarbon interacting with hydrogen at different ignition branches where the negative pressure/temperature dependency of oxidation kinetics could take place. The resulted non-linear and at times non-monotonic behaviours indicate a rich topic for combustion chemistry and also demonstrates ignition delay iso-contour as a useful tool to scope autoignition reactivity for a wide range of applications.

Funding source: This work is funded by the Future Fuels CRC, supported through the Australian Government’s Cooperative Research Centres Program. The cash and in-kind support from the industry participants is gratefully acknowledged.
Related subjects: Applications & Pathways
Countries: Australia

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