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Renewable Energy Potentials and Roadmap in Brazil, Austria, and Germany


The emerging energy transition is particularly described as a move towards a cleaner, lower-carbon system. In the context of the global shift towards sustainable energy sources, this paper reviews the potential and roadmap for hydrogen energy as a crucial component of the clean energy landscape. The primary objective is to present a comprehensive literature overview, illuminating key themes, trends, and research gaps in the scientific discourse concerning hydrogen production and energy policy. This review focuses particularly on specified geographic contexts, with an emphasis on understanding the unique energy policies related to renewable energy in Brazil, Austria, and Germany. Given their distinct social systems and developmental stages, this paper aims to delineate the nuanced approaches these countries adopt in their pursuit of renewable energy and the integration of hydrogen within their energy frameworks. Brazil exhibits vast renewable energy potential, particularly in wind and solar energy sectors, positioning itself for substantial growth in the coming years. Germany showcases a regulatory framework that promotes innovation and technological expansion, reflecting its highly developed social system and commitment to transitioning away from fossil fuels. Austria demonstrates dedication to decarbonization, particularly through the exploration of biomethane for residential heating and cooling.

Funding source: This research was funded by the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq); National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas, and Biofuels (ANP); the Financier of Studies and Projects (FINEP); and the Ministry of Science, Technology, and Innovation (MCTI) through the ANP Human Resources Program for the Oil and Gas Sector—PRH-ANP/MCTI, in particular PRH-ANP 34.1 FEG/UNESP, for all the financial support received through the grant, process number 044419.
Related subjects: Policy & Socio-Economics
Countries: Brazil

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