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Thermal Radiation Properties of Large Hydrogen Leaks from Gas Distribution Networks


Determination of the behaviour of hydrogen when leaking from pipework on gas distribution assets is essential in assessing the comparative risk associated with using pure hydrogen in place of natural gas in existing assets. Experimental work considering the behaviour of gaseous hydrogen when released in large volumes from gas distribution pipework at pressures of up to 7 barg through holes of up to 200mm in diameter in both buried and unburied scenarios is currently underway. The present paper presents and briefly discusses the results from a set of ignited 20mm diameter releases of hydrogen at pressures up to 7 barg vertically upwards from a pipe in an open excavation. Gaseous releases which find a direct route to atmosphere have the potential to create significant volumes of flammable gas and subsequently significant fires in the case of ignition. It is important to understand both the dispersion distances and thermal hazard field to be able to understand the comparative risk posed when compared to natural gas releases in similar situations. Results of current work completed to date are presented alongside comparisons with known properties of natural gas releases and the potential implications to the comparative risk of hydrogen network operation. The work has been conducted at the DNV GL Spadeadam Testing and Research Centre, UK as part of the UK Gas Distribution Networks and Ofgem National Innovation Competition funded H21 project.

Related subjects: Safety
Countries: United Kingdom

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Thermal radiation properties of large hydrogen leaks from gas distribution networks

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