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A Study of Decrease Burst Strength on Compressed-hydrogen Containers by Drop Test


We investigate an appropriate initial burst pressure of compressed hydrogen containers that correlates with a residual burst pressure requirement at the end of life (EOL) and report an influence of hydraulic sequential tests on residual burst pressure. Results indicate that a container damage caused by a drop  test during hydraulic sequential tests has a large influence on burst pressure. The container damage induced through hydraulic sequential tests is investigated using non-destructive evaluations to clarify a strength decreasing mechanism. An ultrasonic flaw detection analysis is conducted before and after the drop test and indicated that the damage occurred at the cylindrical and dome parts of the container after the drop test. An X-ray computed tomography imaging identifies a delamination inside laminated structure made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP) layer, with some degree of delamination reaching the end boss of the container. Results suggest that a load profile fluctuates in the CFRP layer at the dome part and that a burst strength of the dome part decreases. Therefore, an observed decreasing in drop damage at the dome part can be used to prevent a degradation of EOL container burst strength.

Related subjects: Safety
Countries: Japan

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A study of decrease burst strength on compressed-hydrogen containers by drop test

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