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An Experimental Study of Propagating Spherical Flames in Unconfined Hydrogen-oxygen Explosions


The study to understand the flame propagation behaviors of hydrogen-oxygen explosions is required to make a precise risk assessment. Moreover, although research has investigated the propagating spherical flames in unconfined hydrogen-air explosions no study to date has examined the hydrogen-oxygen explosions. The spherical flame propagation in unconfined hydrogen-oxygen explosions have been investigated using a soap bubble method. In the present experiments, hydrogen-oxygen mixtures were filled in a 10 cm diameter soap bubble and ignited by an electric spark at the center. The flame propagation behaviors were measured by a high-speed Schlieren photography. The laminar burning velocities and critical flame radii for the onset of flame acceleration in unconfined hydrogen-oxygen explosions were estimated. Results demonstrated that the laminar burning velocities of hydrogenoxygen mixtures were much faster than those of hydrogen-air mixtures. In addition, the shift value of maximum laminar burning velocity for hydrogen-oxygen mixtures towards a leaner equivalence ratio is observed. The experimental flame speeds for all experiments were increased owing to diffusionalthermal and Darrieus-Landau instabilities, although the measured flame radii were small. The critical flame radius corresponding to the onset of flame acceleration decreased with the decrease in equivalence ratio.

Related subjects: Safety
Countries: Japan

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