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Simulation of Hydrogen Mixing and Par Operation During Accidental Release in an LH2 Carrier Engine Room

Abstract

Next-generation LH2 carriers may use the boil-off gas from the cargo tanks as additional fuel for the engine. As a consequence, hydrogen pipes will enter the room of the ship’s propulsion system and transport hydrogen to the main engine. The hydrogen distribution resulting from a postulated hydrogen leak inside the room of the propulsion system has been analyzed by means of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). In a subsequent step, simulations with passive auto-catalytic recombiners (PARs) were carried out in order to investigate if the recombiners can increase the safety margins during such accident scenarios. CFD enables a 3D prediction of the transient distribution with a high resolution, allowing to identify local accumulation of hydrogen and consequently to identify optimal PAR positions as well as to demonstrate the efficiency of the PARs. The simulation of the unmitigated reference case reveals a strong natural circulation, driven by the density difference of hydrogen and the incoming cold air from the ventilation system. Globally, this natural circulation dilutes the hydrogen and removes a considerable amount from the room of the ship’s propulsion system via the ventilation ducts. However, a hydrogen accumulation beyond the flammability limit is identified below the first ceiling above the leak position and the back-side wall of the engine room. Based on these findings, suitable positions for recombiners were identified. The design objectives of the PAR system were on the one hand to provide both high instantaneous and integral removal rate and on the other hand to limit build-up of flammable clouds by means of depletion and PAR induced mixing processes. The simulations performed with three different PAR arrangements (variation of large and
small PAR units at different positions) confirm that the PARs reduce efficiently the hydrogen
accumulations.

Related subjects: Safety
Countries: Germany ; Japan
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2021-09-24
2022-10-03
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/conference3692
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