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Numerical Investigation of Hydrogen Dispersion into Air


Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is used to numerically solve the sudden release of hydrogen from a high pressure tank (up to 70MPa) into air. High pressure tanks increase the risk of failure of the joints and pipes connected to the tank which results in release of Hydrogen. The supersonic flow caused by high pressure ratio of reservoir to ambient generates a strong Mach disk. A three dimensional in-house code is developed to simulate the flow. High pressure Hydrogen requires a real gas law because it deviates from ideal gas law. Firstly, Beattie-Bridgeman and Abel-Noble real gas equation of states are applied to simulate the release of hydrogen in hydrogen. Then Abel-Noble is implied to simulate the release of hydrogen in air. Beattie-Bridgeman has stability problems in the case of hydrogen in air. A transport equation is used to solve the concentration of Hydrogen-air mixture. The code is second order accurate in space and first order in time, and uses a modified Van Leer limiter. The fast release of Hydrogen from a small rupture needs a very small mesh, therefore parallel computation is applied to overcome memory problems and to decrease the solution time. The high pressure ratio of the reservoir to ambient causes a very fast release which is accurately modelled by the code and all the shocks and Mach disk happening are observed in the results. The results show that the difference between real gas and ideal gas models cannot be ignored.

Related subjects: Safety
Countries: Canada

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