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The Effect of Tube Internal Geometry on the Propensity to Spontaneous Ignition in Pressurized Hydrogen Release


Spontaneous ignition of compressed hydrogen release through a length of tube with different internal geometries is numerically investigated using our previously developed model. Four types of internal geometries are considered: local contraction, local enlargement, abrupt contraction and abrupt enlargement. The presence of internal geometries was found to significantly increase the propensity to spontaneous ignition. Shock reflections from the surfaces of the internal geometries and the subsequent shock interactions further increase the temperature of the combustible mixture at the contact region. The presence of the internal geometry stimulates turbulence enhanced mixing between the shock-heated air and the escaping hydrogen, resulting in the formation of more flammable mixture. It was also found that forward-facing vertical planes are more likely to cause spontaneous ignition by producing the highest heating to the flammable mixture than backward-facing vertical planes.

Related subjects: Safety

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