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Financing Efficiency Evaluation and Influencing Factors of Hydrogen Energy Listed Enterprises in China

Abstract

Existing studies of financing efficiency concentrate on capital structure and a single external environment or internal management characteristic. Few of the studies include the internal and external financing environments at the same time for hydrogen energy industry financing efficiency. This paper used the data envelopment analysis (DEA) model and the Malmquist index to measure the financing efficiency of 70 hydrogen energy listed enterprises in China from 2014 to 2020 from both static and dynamic perspectives. Then, a tobit model was constructed to explore the influence of external environment and internal factors on the financing efficiency. The contributions of this paper are studying the internal and external financing environments, and integrating financing cost efficiency and capital allocation efficiency into the financing efficiency of hydrogen energy enterprises. The results show that, firstly, the financing efficiency of China’s hydrogen energy listed enterprises showed an upward trend during the years 2014–2020. Secondly, China’s hydrogen energy enterprises mainly gather in the eastern coastal areas, and their financing efficiency is more than that in western areas. Thirdly, the regional economic development level, enterprise scale, financing structure, capital utilization efficiency and profitability have significant effects on the financing efficiency. These results can promote the achievement of “carbon neutrality” in China.

Funding source: This research was funded by the Beijing Postdoctoral Research Foundation, the State Grid Hebei Electric Power Co., Ltd. Project, “Research on New Power System Development Path”, and the Ministry of Education Humanities and Social Sciences Research Program Fund (21YJA790009).
Related subjects: Policy & Socio-Economics
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/content/journal2944
2022-01-01
2022-09-26
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal2944
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